International Comparative Study on Seniors’ Living and Perspectives
Japanese government (Cabinet Office) announced the results of “The international study on living and consciousness of senior citizens 2005″ in March, 2007.
Prime Minister’s Office (currently Cabinet Office) conducted the first wave of this study in Japan and 4 other countries in 1980 to understand the living conditions of the elderly (those aged 60 and over). Since then, this study has been conducted every 5 years, and the 2005 study was the 6th wave.
In the beginning of this study, older people were called “Rojin”, who were aged 60 years old and over. Now they are called “Koureisha”,who are aged 65 years old and over. While this study used to be called “study with old people” or “study with the elderly,” we should now call it “study with seniors.” Currently, Japanese Cabinet Office (Department of Policy on Aging Society with a Declining Birthrate) conducts this study. Considering the current social conditions, we should call them “seniors who are aged 60 and over.”
This study is conducted to understand and analyze (international and time comparisons) the roles, activities, and perspectives of seniors in Japan and 4 other countries. The results are expected to help developing measures to the aging society. The study is conducted every 5 years (1980, 1985, 1990, 1995, and 2000).
The study in 2005 is the 6th wave, and its primary purpose is to understand the seniors’ perspectives on daily living in Japan and other countries.
People aged 60 and over in Japan, U.S.A., South Korea, Germany, and France
(3)Study contents and methodology
Health and welfare
Work and employment
Housing and living environment
Social relationships and Ikigai
Worries, interests, and satisfaction
Japan: November and December, 2005.
U.S.A.., South Korea, Germany and France: December 2005 to February 2006.
Research staff conducted personal interviews with the randomly selected subjects.
- Who mainly does the household work?
- Frequency of contact with children who live away
- Relationship with children and grandchildren
- Emotional supporter
- Levels of needs for help in daily living
- Medical service utilization
- Financial difficulties in daily living
- Financial preparation for the retirement
- Appropriate retirement age
- Housing satisfaction
- Satisfaction with local environment
- Communication with neighbors
- Utilization of information and communication technology (ICT)
- Worries and stress
- When seniors feel “Ikigai”
- Overall life satisfaction
- Who should be prioritized, younger or older generation?